Agile v/s Scrum
The first decision which you will have to make initializing a project is the project methodology that will be implemented. The frameworks that are generally implemented vary from Kanban to Waterfall to Scrum to Agile.
They follow different paths and based on your requirements you have to decide which methodology will be applied. Here we will be discussing Agile v/s Scrum.
With the dynamic changes in the customer demands, requirements of the projects, the companies are changing their approach from traditional Waterfall Methodology to Agile Methodology.
An incremental, iterative approach which enables the changing requirements based on feedback from end-users instead of having in-depth planning right from the beginning.
It can be implemented with Scrum, Extreme Programming (XP), and Rational Unified Process (RUP). As Agile is a more flexible Methodology, it lets the teams bypass the sequential model and finish the work in a shorter time and better efficiency.
In the ever-evolving projects where the end-goal is not defined, Agile Methodology comes in handy as it adapts to the change seamlessly.
The iterative approach lets the teams concentrate on high-quality development, as the project can be broken down into smaller units.
As the Methodology enables the feedbacks from the end-users to change it according to their constructive inputs, the customers feel satisfied.
Each step of the development is monitored during the lifecycle. And all the tasks are taken care of by the Project Head.
With the continuous delivery of valuable software, Customer Satisfaction is always prioritized.
The most popular framework to implement the Agile Methodology is Scrum. Its popularity is so much that most of the novice users assume that Scrum and Agile are one and the same thing. Scrum also works with the iterative approach as it follows the Agile Methodology.
Though Scrum is more suited for the projects where the requirement is rapidly changing, this framework is more rigid than the Agile Framework which limits the changes while implementing the system.
Unlike the Agile framework, the design can be more innovative, and within the scope of some experiments.
There is a division of projects into sprints lasting for one, two, or three weeks typically. All the stakeholders meet at the end of every sprint to discuss and assess progress and make their plans accordingly.
There are three roles in Scrum Framework
It is generally an influential player ranging from Project Lead, Marketing Head, or Product Manager Etc. The product owner motivates the team to achieve and exceed the goal set.
As the product owner is solely responsible for the project backlog, that person has to have a clear idea as to how to take the project forward, achieve set goals and optimize the value of the work. Product Owner is an individual person and not an entity.
So, in order to achieve the set goals the entire team has to respect the decisions made by him/her and fulfill their respective responsibilities.
The Scrum Master works as a facilitator between the Product Owner and the team members. He/ She has to ensure that the team members have understood the directives given by the Product Owner and to ensure that it is being carried out in the same manner.
The Scrum Master also has to understand the obstacles coming in the team member’s way and to make sure that the same is addressed and taken care of.
But since the Scrum Master doesn’t have the authorities like a Product Owner, he/ she can’t change the directive principles set by a Product Owner and has to ensure the goals are met with limited authority.
It is the team of individuals working under the guidelines set by the Product Owner to achieve and exceed the set goals. It generally consists of 5-7 members from software developers, testers, architects, QAs, etc. each.
If the development teams are cohesive as a unit, then and then then they can deliver the results that are expected of them. The successful development teams have the required skillset and they are generally cross-functional.
This team is further divided into sub-teams such as the development team, testing team, etc. for better functionality.
For any project to succeed, the development team has to be cohesive, comprehensive, and obliged to deliver the results that are expected from them.
Hence, with reference to the above discussion, the fundamental difference between Agile and Scrum is that Agile is a development methodology and Scrum is one of the implementations of it.
You may also like to read: Rapid Application Development vs. Agile: Comparison of Two